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    العالم احمد زويل بالانجليزى

    شاطر

    رازان
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    العالم احمد زويل بالانجليزى

    مُساهمة من طرف رازان في السبت مارس 19, 2011 11:16 am

    Ahmed Hassan Zewail



    Born



    February 26, 1946 (1946-02-26) (age 63)
    Damanhour, Egypt

    Nationality

    Egyptian-American

    Fields

    Chemistry, physics

    Institutions

    California Institute of Technology

    Alma mater

    University of Alexandria, University of Pennsylvania

    Known for

    Femtochemistry

    Notable awards

    Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1999)

    Ahmed Hassan Zewail (Arabic: &Atilde;&Iacute;&atilde;&Iuml; &Iacute;&Oacute;&auml; &Ograve;&aelig;&iacute;&aacute;&yacute (born February 26, 1946 in Damanhour, Egypt) is an Egyptian-American scientist, and the winner of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry. He is the Linus Pauling Chair Professor Chemistry and Professor of Physics at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Zewail has been nominated and will participate in President Barack Obama’s Presidential Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). The council will talk about education, science, defense, energy, the economy, and technology.

    Contents

    1 - Birth and education

    2 - Academic career

    3- Research

    4- Publications

    5 - References

    6 - External links



    Birth and education

    Ahmad Zewail was born on February 26, 1946 in Damanhour and raised in Disuq. He received bachelor’s degree and MS degree from the University of Alexandria before moving from Egypt to the United States to complete his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania with advisor Dr. Robin Hochstrasser. He completed a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of California, Berkeley.

    Academic career

    After some post doctorate work at UC-Berkeley, he was awarded a faculty appointment at Caltech in 1976, where he has remained since. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1982, and in 1990, he was made the first Linus Pauling Chair in Chemical Physics.

    Research

    Zewail’s key work has been as the pioneer of femtochemistry—i.e. the study of chemical reactions across femtoseconds. Using a rapid ultrafast laser technique (consisting of ultrashort laser flashes), the technique allows the description of reactions on very short time scales - short enough to analyse transition states in selected chemical reactions.

    In 1999, Zewail became the third ethnic Egyptian to receive the Nobel Prize, following Egyptian president Anwar Al-Sadat (1978 in Peace) and Naguib Mahfouz (1988 in Literature). Other international awards include the Wolf Prize in Chemistry (1993) awarded to him by the Wolf Foundation, the Tolman Medal (1997), and the Robert A. Welch Award (1997). In 1999, he received Egypt’s highest state honor, the Grand Collar of the Nile.

    Zewail was awarded a Ph.D. Honoris Causa by Lund University in Sweden in May 2003 and is a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Cambridge University awarded him an Honorary Doctorate in Science in 2006. In May 2008, Zewail received a PhD Honoris Causa from Complutense University of Madrid. In February, 2009, Zewail was awarded an honorary PhD in arts and sciences by the University of Jordan.[1]

    Zewail is married, and has four children.

    Publications

    (1) Advances in Laser Spectroscopy I, ed. A. H. Zewail, SPIE, Bellingham, 1977

    (2) Advances in Laser Chemistry, ed. A. H. Zewail, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg,

    1978.

    (3) Photochemistry and Photobiology, Vols. 1 and 2, ed. A. H. Zewail, Harwood

    Academic, London, 1983 .

    (4) Ultra fast Phenomena VII, eds. C. B. Harris, E. P. Ippen, G. A. Mourou and A. H.

    Zewail, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1990 .

    (5) The Chemical Bond: Structure and Dynamics, ed. A. H. Zewail, Academic

    Press, Boston, 1992.

    (6) Ultrafast Phenomena VIII, eds. J.-L. Martin, A. Migus, G. A. Mourou, and A. H.

    Zewail, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1993

    (7) Ultrafast Phenomena IX , eds. P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou and A. H.

    Zewail, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg, 1994

    (Cool Femtochemistry: Ultrafast Dynamics of the Chemical Bond, A. H. Zewail,

    Vols. 1 and 2, World Scientific, Singapore, 1994

    (9) Voyage Through Time: Walks of Life to the Nobel Prize, A. H. Zewail,

    American University in Cairo (AUC), Cairo, 2002; appeared in 17 languages and editions: English, French, German, Spanish, Romanian, Hungarian, Russian, Arabic, Chinese, Korean, Bahasa Malaysia, Indonesian, Hindi; and 4 editions

    (10) Age of Science (Asr Al ?lm, in Arabic), A. H. Zewail, Dar Al Shorouk, Beirut-Cairo,

    2005; appeared in the seventh edition since publication in June 2005

    (11) Time (Al Zaman, in Arabic), Book Series, A. H. Zewail, Dar Al Shorouk, Cairo, 2007

    (12) Dialogue of Civilizations (Hewar Al Hadarat, in Arabic), Book Series, A. H. Zewail,

    Dar Al Shorouk, Cairo, 2007

    (13) Physical Biology: From Atoms to Medicine, ed. A. H. Zewail, Imperial College Press,

    London, 2008

    (14) 4D Electron Microscopy, ed. A. H. Zewail, Imperial College Press,London, 2009

    Ahmad Zewail was one of the original editors of the Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

    References

    1- Kheetan, Thameen (26 February 2009). "Egyptian Nobel laureate calls for ‘scientific renaissance’ in Arab world". Jordan Times.





    External links

    Ahmad Zewail’s Caltech website

    Zewail Nobel Prize lecture

    Nobel Laureates in Chemistry





    William Lipscomb (1976) · Ilya Prigogine (1977) · Peter D. Mitchell (1978) · Herbert C. Brown / Georg Wittig (1979) · Paul Berg / Walter Gilbert / Frederick Sanger (1980) · Kenichi Fukui / Roald Hoffmann (1981) · Aaron Klug (1982) · Henry Taube (1983) · Robert Merrifield (1984) · Herbert A. Hauptman / Jerome Karle (1985) · Dudley R. Herschbach / Yuan T. Lee / John Polanyi (1986) · Donald J. Cram / Jean-Marie Lehn / Charles J. Pedersen (1987) · Johann Deisenhofer / Robert Huber / Hartmut Michel (1988) ·

    Sidney Altman / Thomas Cech (1989) · Elias Corey (1990) · Richard R. Ernst (1991) ·

    &Ccedil;&aacute;&atilde;&Ograve;&iacute;&Iuml

    ملامح احساس
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    رد: العالم احمد زويل بالانجليزى

    مُساهمة من طرف ملامح احساس في الأحد مارس 20, 2011 6:59 am


    عبير الروح
    ...
    ...

    <b>الاوسمة</b>






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    رد: العالم احمد زويل بالانجليزى

    مُساهمة من طرف عبير الروح في الإثنين مارس 21, 2011 11:22 am

    Thank you Razan on the wonderful effort

    We are waiting for new works








    سلام سلام
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    رد: العالم احمد زويل بالانجليزى

    مُساهمة من طرف سلام سلام في الثلاثاء مارس 22, 2011 11:57 am


    AMAL HAYATY33
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    مُساهمة من طرف AMAL HAYATY33 في الأربعاء مارس 23, 2011 8:29 am



    I enjoyed reading the topic

    and thank you for sharing it with us

    Best Regards

    المتنبى الصغير
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    رد: العالم احمد زويل بالانجليزى

    مُساهمة من طرف المتنبى الصغير في الخميس مارس 24, 2011 9:53 am

    Thank you Razan on the wonderful effort

    We are waiting for new works

    الجوهرة
    مشرفة الاقسام التقنية
    مشرفة الاقسام التقنية

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    مُساهمة من طرف الجوهرة في السبت مارس 26, 2011 8:52 am















    نور عين حبيبى
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    مُساهمة من طرف نور عين حبيبى في الأحد مارس 27, 2011 2:08 pm


    همس المشاعر11
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    رد: العالم احمد زويل بالانجليزى

    مُساهمة من طرف همس المشاعر11 في الإثنين مارس 28, 2011 9:33 am

    thankssssssssssssssssssssssss






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    مُساهمة من طرف الحب راح خلاص في الثلاثاء مارس 29, 2011 8:04 am



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